The Ability To Recognize

They take advantage of others to achieve their ends You are envious of others and believe that they are envious of you Low self-esteem accompanied by an exaggerated overvaluation of self-importance Low tolerance for frustration and belief that they deserve especially favorable treatment One of the most influential theories is Albert Bandura’s social learning theory. In this article. Patricia Sánchez Seisdedos. psychologist. answers all our questions: Who is Bandura. his experiments. phases of the theory of social or vicarious learning and how we can apply his teachings to the field of teaching or education. Canadian psychologist born on December 4. 1925. Bandura conducted psychological studies on learning. giving a crucial role to the cognitive aspect.

This means that Albert Bandura will support a social-cognitive approach. Basing human behavior on the interaction between the subject (interpretations) and the environment (punishments and responses). In relation to this. Bandura elaborates his famous theory of social learning. also called vicarious learning or modeling. which we will see in more detail below. According to Albert Bandura: Most of the images of reality on which we base our actions are really inspired by the experience we acquire through other people (vicarious experience). And it is that we spend many hours of the day acquiring knowledge through this type of learning.

An Interaction Is Know As Empathy

Each one of us has a repertoire of people India Phone Number we take as a reference in different areas of life: our parents. our teachers. our co-workers. our friends. public figures who “inspire” us. etc. Almost without realizing it. we repeat behaviors that we see in others. However. we are not automatons. We choose the model. we observe carefully. we memorize and we evaluate if it pays us to imitate him or not. Within vicarious learning. this evaluation is very important. In fact. it is what differentiates Bandura’s way of seeing learning with respect to other models. and what will later cause the theory to be reassessed. calling it social-cognitive learning. When we put our memory to work.

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We execute mental images of what we have seen our model do. We also use an internal verbal discourse. and we remember what happened at that moment. From there. we make decisions: “whether we want to reproduce the learned behavior or not”; “if we do it exactly. if we innovate”… We can even modify it depending on our objective. The motivation of each person and the interest they have in carrying out the behavior come into play. To give his theory an empirical basis. Albert Bandura developed the bobo doll experiment. He tries to reconcile his observational learning theory with aggressiveness. The objective was to reach a conclusion about the influence exerted by the violence that the children observed in models (later the experiment focused on knowing the influence of the aggressiveness observed on television would be developed).

This Allows Us To Understand

In conclusion, As you see. the Bobo doll was a kind of balloon. which. after being knock down. automatically recovers its vertical position. Two experimental groups (GE1 and GE2) and a control group (CG) were use. Each experimental group consisted of 24 children (equal number of boys and girls) and the control group by 24 infants. equally distributed by both sexes. GE1: 24 children of both sexes. He will divide the group in two. of 12 children each. GE1A: You will see a woman perform aggressive behaviors directed at the doll. GE1B: You will see a man perform aggressive behaviors directed at the doll. GE2: Group of children who observe a model interacting non-aggressively with the doll.

CG: 24 subjects. 12 boys and 12 girls. They are present with the doll without prior observation of any model interaction. RESULTS Bandura’s conclusions were: GE1 (children who saw an adult engage in aggressive behavior) were more likely to engage in aggressive behavior than the other groups. Boys were much more likely to repeat physically violent behavior than girls. There were not as many significant differences in verbal aggressive behaviors. When the model was a woman. she would tend to be more imitated by girls than by boys and vice versa (similarity with the model). However. not everything is black and white. For a behavior to develop. more elements are need than observation and a model that executes it.

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